Tough Questions Answered

A Christian Apologetics Blog

#6 Post of 2013 – Can We Know Moral Values Without Knowing God?

| December 18, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt  Clearly the answer must be “yes.”  In fact, the apostle Paul teaches this very truth in the book of Romans. There are some moral truths that can be known without a person ever acknowledging God’s existence. In fact, the world would be a complete disaster if everyone had to agree on […]

How Does Christian Metaphysics Ground the Good? Part 2

| September 5, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt  In part 1 we left off with the question, “What is man’s ultimate purpose?” We cannot identify the good for man without knowing what his ultimate purpose is. Many answers have been offered throughout the millennia to this question. The most common answers are the following: wealth, honor, fame, power, pleasure, health, […]

Introduction to Classical Christian Metaphysics – Part 4

| August 26, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt In part 3 we introduced the four causes which give a complete explanation of a thing. In part 4 we introduce the concepts of being and goodness. Metaphysics is the study of being, as such.  Act, potency, form, and matter are all aspects of being.  Edward Feser comments that “being is the […]

Introduction to Classical Christian Metaphysics – Part 3

| August 23, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt In part 2 we introduced the metaphysical principles of form and matter. In part 3 we introduce the four causes. Aristotle taught, and the Scholastics agreed, that there are four different causes, and that these four causes give a complete explanation of a thing. Modern English-speaking people tend to only use the word […]

Introduction to Classical Christian Metaphysics – Part 2

| August 21, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt In part 1 we introduced the metaphysical principles of act and potency. In part 2 we introduce the metaphysical principles of form and matter. Ordinary objects of our experience are composed of two metaphysical principles – form and matter.  Edward Feser explains these principles, again using a rubber ball: The rubber ball of our […]

Introduction to Classical Christian Metaphysics – Part 1

| August 19, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt Most Christians don’t care anything about metaphysics, and truth be told, don’t even know what it is. I hope to entice you, the reader, with a reason to learn about it. One very important reason for learning Christian metaphysics is because any Christian ethical system must be grounded in metaphysics. You […]

How Does Sam Harris’s Metaphysical View Undermine His Moral Landscape? Part 3

| August 14, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt In part 3 we continue our analysis of Sam Harris’s “moral landscape” in view of his metaphysical naturalism, a worldview which denies the existence of anything that is timeless or transcendent in any sense. We note that even after identifying moral values with well-being, Harris concedes that his moral landscape may […]

How Does Sam Harris’s Metaphysical View Undermine His Moral Landscape? Part 2

| August 12, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt In part 1 we looked at some serious difficulties that Sam Harris’s metaphysical views cause his “moral landscape” to have. We continue with that analysis in part 2. Recall that we ended part 1 by noting that Harris’s identification of the moral good with that which brings individual human flourishing and […]

How Does Sam Harris’s Metaphysical View Undermine His Moral Landscape? Part 1

| August 9, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt Given Sam Harris’s metaphysical naturalism, how is it that Harris will identify the good? How is the good defined given his metaphysics? Harris, in line with other moral consequentialists, defines “good” as “that which supports well-being.” Harris further claims that “it makes no sense at all to ask whether maximizing well-being […]

What Are Sam Harris’s Metaphysical Presuppositions?

| August 7, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt It is impossible to ground a theory about the source of objective moral values and duties without recourse to metaphysics. Philosopher David Oderberg reminds us that it is “impossible to know how the world ought to go, more specifically how one ought to act (or what makes a state of affairs […]

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