Tough Questions Answered

A Christian Apologetics Blog

Why Is Physicalism Self-Refuting? Part 2

| April 30, 2012

Post Author: Bill Pratt In part 1 of this series, we argued that physicalism and determinism are self-refuting because they undermine rationality.  At the end of part 1, we said that there are three conditions of rationality that physicalism does not allow, and Dr. Moreland explains them below: First, humans must have genuine intentionality; they must […]

Why Is Physicalism Self-Refuting? Part 1

| April 27, 2012

Post Author: Bill Pratt In the previous post, we saw that physicalism seems to inevitably lead to determinism.  Determinism, if you recall, means that every event, including all of your thoughts, feelings, desires, and choices, is determined by the physical conditions antecedent to it.  The renowned atheist philosopher Bertrand Russell said it this way:  When […]

What Are the Differences between Mental and Physical Entities? Part 8

| April 13, 2012

Post Author: Bill Pratt Last post we looked at the issue of personal identity through change.  Dualists explain this phenomenon by positing the existence of a soul which remains constant throughout a person’s life.  Physicalists, however, deny that there is an absolute sense of personal identity, but this creates problems for their view.  J. P. […]

What Are the Differences between Mental and Physical Entities? Part 7

| April 11, 2012

Post Author: Bill Pratt The next major difference between mental and physical entities is how personal identity through change is handled.  Dr. Moreland asks us to… Imagine a wooden table that had all its parts removed one by one and replaced with metal parts. Now suppose someone took the original wooden parts and made a […]

What Are the Differences between Mental and Physical Entities? Part 6

| April 9, 2012

Post Author: Bill Pratt After a little break from this series, it is time to pick it up again because there is plenty more to discuss.  Philosopher J. P. Moreland explains yet another way that mental and physical entities differ: the first person perspective. A complete physicalist description of the world would be one in which everything […]

What Are the Differences between Mental and Physical Entities? Part 5

| April 4, 2012

Post Author: Bill Pratt In the book Beyond Death, philosopher J. P. Moreland continues to review differences between the mental and the physical.  The next point of departure is the awareness each of us has of our own self.  Here is Moreland: When we pay attention to our own consciousness, we can become aware of […]

What Are the Differences between Mental and Physical Entities? Part 4

| April 2, 2012

Post Author: Bill Pratt One of the most important differences between the mental and physical is the property of intentionality.  Philosopher J. P. Moreland explains just what intentionality is and why physicalism does not account for it. Intentionality is the mind’s ofness or aboutness.  Mental states point beyond themselves to other things.  Every mental state I […]

What Are the Differences between Mental and Physical Entities? Part 3

| March 30, 2012

Post Author: Bill Pratt There is another way that the mental differs from the physical, and that is in the subjective nature of experience.  J. P. Moreland offers the following illustration: Suppose a deaf scientist became the world’s leading expert on the neurology of hearing.  It would be possible for him to know and describe everything there […]

What Are the Differences between Mental and Physical Entities? Part 1

| March 26, 2012

Post Author: Bill Pratt Philosopher J. P. Moreland outlines several differences between physical and mental entities in the book he co-authored with Gary Habermas, called Beyond Death: Exploring the Evidence for Immortality.  In previous posts, we have laid the groundwork for this discussion, so that you may want to review the last few posts before […]

Why Is Identity Important in the Physicalism/Dualism Debate?

| March 21, 2012

Post Author: Bill Pratt In previous posts we have surveyed the physicalist and dualist positions with regard to human beings.  Now it is time to start looking at arguments for the dualist position.  Before we start to defend dualism, we need to introduce the concept of identity, which will be an extremely important concept in […]

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