Tough Questions Answered

A Christian Apologetics Blog

What Is a Game?

| March 11, 2015

Ludwig Wittgenstein famously argued that there are no such things as essences. He claimed that when we group things together into classes, we are doing so because there are “family resemblances” among the objects of the class. The objects grouped together do not share a common essence. They merely share some similar characteristics. His most […]

What Is Real Essentialism?

| March 4, 2015

David Oderberg, in his book Real Essentialism (Routledge Studies in Contemporary Philosophy, Vol. 11), describes the metaphysical system that derives from Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, and their students. This system is the closest thing to explaining our common sense knowledge of the world around us that I have ever seen. It is sometimes called classical Christian […]

Why Can’t Science Explain Consciousness?

| February 16, 2015

It is not uncommon these days to hear something like the following: “Science has explained just about everything else in the world, so it is inevitable that science will explain the mind and consciousness.” This kind of comment always makes me roll my eyes because the people who make this comment are making a colossal […]

What Are the Limits of Physics?

| February 6, 2015

Contrary to the disciples of scientism, physics has limits. Philosopher Ed Feser gives a quick run-down which is worth passing along. Feser writes, As I have emphasized many times, what physics gives us is a description of the mathematical structure of physical reality.  It abstracts from any aspect of reality which cannot be captured via […]

Does This New Argument for Scientism Work?

| December 5, 2014

It’s been a while since we’ve beat up scientism on the blog, so I figured we were due again. It’s an “ism” that just keeps rearing its head over and over and thus needs to be slapped around over and over. Philosopher Edward Feser, in one of his blog posts, reviews yet  another version of […]

How Do Theology and Philosophy Interact?

| September 1, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  In my opinion, the greatest Christian thinker of all time, after the apostles died, was Thomas Aquinas. Etienne Gilson, in his work The Christian Philosophy Of St Thomas Aquinas, takes on the task of defining what distinguished theology from philosophy for Aquinas. This issue comes up again and again when I hear […]

Can Atheists Avoid a Cause of the Universe?

| August 6, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  That is exactly what Sean Carroll attempted to do in his recent debate with William Lane Craig. Here is what Carroll said: Why should we expect that there are causes or explanations or a reason why in the universe in which we live? It’s because the physical world inside of which […]

Are We Just Meat Robots?

| May 12, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  I have an interest in psychology and behavioral economics research. That’s why I write posts on books like Predictably Irrational and Thinking, Fast and Slow. But as I read these kinds of books, I am always keeping an eye on the big question. Will the author say that human beings are […]

#10 Post of 2013 – How Do We Know the Universe Hasn’t Existed Eternally?

| December 9, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt For those of you who look to science to answer every question, cosmologists are pretty unanimous in agreeing that our universe is not eternal, and in fact begun about 14 billion years ago. You may not like this answer, and so go running toward alternative cosmologies to escape the standard big […]

How Does Christian Metaphysics Ground the Good? Part 3

| September 9, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt  In parts 1 and 2, we spelled out how classical Christian metaphysics is able to identify the good for human beings, and thus provide a sturdy foundation for Christian moral realism. Moral values and duties really exist and they transcend time and place. In a previous series of blog posts, we […]

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