Tough Questions Answered

A Christian Apologetics Blog

Why Do We See Causality All Around Us?

| April 7, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  Psychologist Daniel Kahneman, in his book Thinking, Fast and Slow, describes the concept of intentional causality. According to Kahneman, Your mind is ready and even eager to identify agents, assign them personality traits and specific intentions, and view their actions as expressing individual propensities. Here again, the evidence is that we […]

What Questions about Evolution Have Really Been Answered?

| October 11, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt Microbiologist James Shapiro, in his book Evolution: A View from the 21st Century, makes some common sense statements about the controversy over evolution. Remember that Shapiro is no young earth creationist. He is firmly entrenched as an important figure in the world of evolutionary science. Here is what Shapiro says: General discussions […]

Why Is the Argument from Poor Design Simply Atheism of the Gaps?

| July 8, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt  The other day I heard an atheist say that the fact that he sees poor design in the natural world leads him to the conclusion that the Christian God does not exist. Here is the argument: An omnipotent, omniscient, omnibenevolent creator God would create organisms that have optimal design. Organisms have features that are sub-optimal. Therefore, God either did not create […]

How Do We Get From DNA to Design?

| November 4, 2011

Post Author: Bill Pratt I recently wrote a series of three blog posts discussing the argument to design from analogy.  I concluded that this approach to arguing that life is designed is a live option, but that it falls short of the kind of certainty we would like the argument to have. Philosopher of science […]

Is Life Designed? Part 3

| October 31, 2011

Post Author: Bill Pratt In the first two parts of this series, I presented Mark Isaak’s arguments from his 2003 article.  In this article, his central contention was that human design and life are not analogous; there are at least six important differences that make the analogy break down. Analogies imply that there are similarities […]

Is Life Designed? Part 2

| October 21, 2011

Post Author: Bill Pratt In part 1 of this series, I introduced Mark Isaak’s 2003 article which argued that human designs are not analogous to life, and that an argument to design using the analogical method fails.  Mark Isaak listed six attributes of human design that are not found in life, and now we take up attribute number […]

Is Life Designed? Part 1

| October 19, 2011

Post Author: Bill Pratt In an article written in 2003, Mark Isaak explored “What Design Looks Like.”  The central argument of the article was simple.  According to Isaak, creationists who claim that life is designed are using an argument from analogy -  the analogy is between human design and biological life.  In his article, Isaak […]

Is “Who Designed the Designer?” a Good Argument?

| October 10, 2011

Post Author: Bill Pratt The intelligent design movement claims that when we look at certain features of the natural world, we are justified in inferring that these features were designed by an intelligent agent or designer.  The exact arguments are hashed out elsewhere on this blog and in numerous books and websites. One of the […]

Top Ten Intelligent Design and Evolution Science News Stories of 2010

| April 27, 2011

Post Author: Bill Pratt This post is a few months belated, but better late than never.  Every year, Access Research Network does a phenomenal job collecting science news that bears on the intelligent design and evolution debate.  For 2010, they have again assembled a great list.  If you are at all interested in this debate, […]

Which Part of Evolution Are We Talking About?

| April 25, 2011

Post Author: Bill Pratt I have followed the intelligent design (ID) movement for several years now and there is an error that I’ve seen opponents of ID make over and over. The error is confusing the idea of common descent with the idea of random mutation and natural selection. Common descent refers to the idea […]

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