Tough Questions Answered

A Christian Apologetics Blog

Have Computer Simulations Proven Darwinian Evolution? Part 2

| October 7, 2015

As we continue to look at computer simulations of Darwinian evolution, we come to our second major problem: even with intelligent intervention by the programmers of these simulations, they mostly fail to produce irreducibly complex systems. J. Warner Wallace resumes his analysis in God’s Crime Scene: A Cold-Case Detective Examines the Evidence for a Divinely Created Universe: […]

Have Computer Simulations Proven Darwinian Evolution? Part 1

| October 5, 2015

I remember years ago watching a documentary starring Richard Dawkins. In the documentary, Dawkins spent a lot of time demonstrating how computer simulations have shown that the mechanisms of random mutation and natural selection are capable of generating complex biological organisms. No intelligence was required, argued Dawkins, only the blind evolutionary process. Being a former […]

Is There Any Scientific Controversy Over Darwinian Evolution? Part 2

| February 20, 2015

After writing part 1 of this blog post almost 3 years ago, I received several comments along the lines of, “Just because one scientist, James Shapiro, disagrees with the idea that natural selection acting on random mutations is the main engine of evolutionary change, does not mean there is a controversy.” My goal in quoting […]

Does the Euthyphro Dilemma Apply to Evolutionary Ethics?

| January 8, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  One of the most popular, but misguided, challenges that atheists fling at theists is Plato’s Euthyphro Dilemma. I have written about why this is no dilemma at all for theists in other blog posts, so I won’t cover that ground again now. Philosopher Matt Flannagan, though, has introduced a new wrinkle […]

What Questions about Evolution Have Really Been Answered?

| October 11, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt Microbiologist James Shapiro, in his book Evolution: A View from the 21st Century, makes some common sense statements about the controversy over evolution. Remember that Shapiro is no young earth creationist. He is firmly entrenched as an important figure in the world of evolutionary science. Here is what Shapiro says: General discussions […]

How Is a Mouse Different from a Man?

| October 9, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt  Ever since technology advanced to the point that scientists could map out entire genomes of various animals, we have been hearing how human beings are extremely similar to other mammals at the level of genes. These similarities always make news, but I have always found these similarities to be much ado […]

Not Your Grandmother’s Evolution

| October 7, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt  I just finished reading James Shapiro’s book, Evolution: A View from the 21st Century. Shapiro is Professor of Microbiology at the University of Chicago and a deeply influential figure in evolutionary biology. He is not a fellow at the Discovery Institute, but, shockingly, he finds the currently popular evolutionary mechanisms of […]

What Explains the Existence of Objective Evil?

| June 10, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt Objective evil exists.  When we observe the world around us, we realize that there are many things about the world that should not be, things that are wrong.  When we see a child abused, we immediately know that it is evil; we know it is wrong, that it should not be.  […]

Why Does the Denial of Moral Facts Undercut Knowledge of Any Kind?

| April 17, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt  Moral skeptics frequently argue that evolution has tricked us into thinking that our moral judgments are based on mind-independent moral facts. Even though it seems like our moral judgments are examples of authentic reasoning, they are not. Joshua Greene is a typical voice of moral skepticism: Moral judgment is, for the most […]

Why Can’t Evolution Be the Source of Transcendent Moral Values?

| April 5, 2013

Post Author: Bill Pratt  In two previous blog posts (here and here), I have called attention to the fact that human beings universally take for granted that our moral judgments transcend time, place, and species. We judge certain actions to be morally right or wrong regardless of when these actions occurred, where they occurred, and […]

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