Tough Questions Answered

A Christian Apologetics Blog

Did the Israelites Cross a Reed Sea or Red Sea?

| August 27, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  Many Hebrew scholars have noted the words for “Red Sea” (yam suph) can also be translated as “sea of reed” or “reed sea.” This leads to the question of whether the Israelites merely crossed a marsh rather than a deep body of water. A marsh of reeds, after all, would cause […]

Commentary on Exodus 14 (Parting of the Red Sea)

| August 25, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  In chapters 12 and 13, the Israelites escaped from Egypt due to the mighty hand of God, and have traveled some distance to the southeast, but not out of Egyptian territory. Chapter 14 begins the account of one of the most famous miracles performed by God for the Israelites, the parting […]

How Long Did the Israelites Live in Egypt?

| August 15, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  Verse 40 in chapter 12 of Exodus looks like it’s saying that from the time Jacob brought his family to Egypt to live with Joseph in Gen 46, to the time of the Exodus, 430 years passed. In fact, this is the traditional view, but it may not be correct. There […]

Commentary on Exodus 7-11 (The 10 Plagues)

| July 16, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt In chapters 7-12, the power of God would be demonstrated to Pharaoh and all the people of Egypt. Recall that Pharaoh told Moses and Aaron that he did not know their God, and God promised that he soon would. Ten plagues would be visited upon the Egyptians, with each successive plague […]

How Many Israelites Left Egypt? Part 2

| July 11, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  Biblical scholar Douglas Stuart, in his Exodus: An Exegetical and Theological Exposition of Holy Scripture (New American Commentary), identifies 8 possible ways to translate the word ‘eleph from Hebrew to English. Each of these translations could be used in Exodus 12:37, with context being the determinant. The 8 possible translations are: 1) […]

How Many Israelites Left Egypt? Part 1

| July 9, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  In Exodus 12:37, the NIV translation of the Bible says, referring to the Israelites leaving Egypt during the Exodus, “There were about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children.” What has puzzled Bible scholars and archaeologists about this number is that it seems far too large. If we […]

Did God Harden Pharaoh’s Heart Against His Will?

| July 7, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  In verse 21 of Exodus 4, God tells Moses, “When you return to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders I have given you the power to do. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go.” This raises the question: how […]

Commentary on Exodus 5 (Bricks Without Straw)

| July 4, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  After successfully convincing their fellow Israelites that the God of their ancestors had sent them, Moses and Aaron boldly approach Pharaoh and request that he let them go to the desert to worship. Pharaoh’s response frames the events that will take place in chapters 7 through 12 of Exodus. Pharaoh’s response […]

Why Does God Have So Many Names?

| June 25, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  In Exodus 3, we see God called “I am” and also “LORD.” Both names are derived from the same Hebrew verb. “LORD” is reused more than 5,000 times in the Old Testament (OT), but “I am” is never used again in the OT. When the word “LORD” (all caps) is used […]

Did the Israelites Steal from the Egyptians?

| June 23, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  Some Bible critics claim that God commands the Israelites to steal (plunder) from the Egyptians in verse 22 in Exodus 3. How could God command theft? The context around verse 22, however, makes it clear that the Israelites were to ask the Egyptians for valuable items that they could take with […]

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