Tough Questions Answered

A Christian Apologetics Blog

#7 Post of 2015 – Why Isn’t There More Archaeological Evidence of the Kingdoms of Saul, David, and Solomon? Part 1

| December 16, 2015

While there seems to be plenty of archaeological evidence of the existence of Israel’s and Judah’s kings after about 850 BC, there is little direct evidence of the existence of Saul, David, and Solomon’s kingdoms. Why is this? Kenneth A. Kitchen, in his On the Reliability of the Old Testament, dedicates an entire chapter to […]

Why Isn’t There More Archaeological Evidence of the Kingdoms of Saul, David, and Solomon? Part 2

| December 2, 2015

As we continue from part 1, Kitchen claims there are traces of direct evidence for David’s dynasty. [T]he Tell Dan inscription and with virtual certainty the Moabite Stone each mention ‘the House of David,’ implying his former role as a personal dynastic founder, about 150 years after his death. Then, within barely 50 years of […]

Is There Extrabiblical Evidence for the Existence of David?

| November 2, 2015

Skeptical scholars have long argued that David’s existence is doubtful because there was no archaeological evidence of his rule or his alleged dynasty. From roughly 850 BC onward, there have been many discoveries confirming the kings of Israel and Judah listed in the Bible, but pre-850 BC evidence has been almost nonexistent. However, in 1993 […]

Why Don’t We Know the Exact Route of the Exodus?

| April 17, 2015

The Bible describes the place-names and geography of the route that Israel took from Egypt to the plains of Moab, across from the city of Jericho, during the 40 years in the wilderness. So why is it that archaeologists and biblical scholars cannot agree on the exact route that was taken? Gordon Wenham, in his […]

How Do Palestinian Names Lend Credence to the Gospels?

| October 20, 2014

Are the Gospel accounts of Jesus’s life rooted in first century Palestine or are they legendary accounts written more than a hundred years later? What of the so-called apocryphal gospels (e.g., Gospels of Thomas, Mary, Judas) that also claim to be true accounts of Jesus’s life? A few biblical scholars claim that the apocryphal gospels deserve […]

What Did Ancient Israel’s Neighbors Think about the Origins of the World?

| August 29, 2014

Post Author: Bill Pratt  Ancient Israel was immersed in two dominant cultures, that of the Egyptians and that of the Mesopotamians. The Hebrew accounts of the origins of the universe stand in contrast to these ancient cultures, so it would be interesting to see a summary of what these other cultures believed. Jim Adams provides […]

Can Historians Use Anonymous Sources?

| July 11, 2012

Post Author: Bill Pratt A common complaint about the reliability of the letters and books contained in the New Testament is that we don’t know, for sure, who wrote all of these documents.  In particular, the four Gospels are singled out as being anonymous since there is nothing in the text of the four Gospels […]

Apostle Philip’s Tomb Found

| October 12, 2011

Post Author: Bill Pratt The Bible History Daily website announced in July 2011 that archaeologists had discovered the Apostle Philip’s tomb.  Here is an excerpt from the article: Italian archaeologists working at the site of Hierapolis in southwestern Turkey believe they have discovered the tomb of St. Philip, one of Jesus’ 12 apostles. According to […]

Who Is Portrayed in the Earliest Existing Biblical Painting?

| July 27, 2010

Post Author: Bill Pratt The earliest existing painting portraying a biblical scene was found in a building called the House of the Physician in the ruins of the city of Pompeii, a city destroyed in AD 79 by Mount Vesuvius.  The painting is a striking rendition of the scene from 1 Kings 3 where two […]

Oldest Known Images of the Apostles Andrew and John Found

| June 29, 2010

Post Author: Bill Pratt Archaeologists reported on June 22, 2010 that they found images of the apostles Andrew and John that date to the 4th century.  Here is an excerpt from the article at The oldest known image of the apostles Andrew and John have been discovered in catacombs under the city of Rome, […]

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